What are Birthstones? Everything You Need to Know [2021]

What are Birthstones?

Birthstones are precious stones or gems that are given as gifts symbolizing a particular month. It is also termed as a “birthday stone”, but then the birthday stone has a different way of assigning precious gems.

Birthstones have been around since ancient times. These precious stones are classified as traditional, modern, mystical, ayurvedic and zodiac birthstones.

Traditional birthstones are usually based on a Gregorian calendar and are society-based among English speaking communities. Also, the said calendar has a matching poem, from an anonymous poet, for each month with a designated birthstone..

The modern birthstones, a list which was used by the American National Association of Jewelers in 1912, hoping standardized the assigned birthstone for each month. An updated list was made in 2002 which added tanzanite as a birthstone for the month of December..

Mystical birthstones, on the other hand, are those which were used for almost a thousand years, originated in Tibet..

Lastly, the ayurvedic birthstones list came from ancient times and was used in Indian philosophy and medicine, dating back in 1500BC.

If one would check out these classifications of birthstones, one would notice slight differences in the assignment per year. Traditional and Modern would almost have the same list except for the months of March, June, July, August, and September. Additional birthstones are also added on the remaining months under the modern classification. For the mystical and the ayurvedic classifications, they have different designations for each month with the exception of the month

of July which has ruby on both of the classifications.

There is also a list of birthstones according to the zodiac signs. This list was used by early Babylonians and believed in the gemstones’ magical powers.

Birthday stones, although it was used similarly as birthstones are classified differently. The birthday stones are assigned according to the “day” in the week of one’s birth.

From the Beginning

Birthstones like ruby, topaz, turquoise, Jasper, and likes can be found recorded in ancient books such that of the Bible, wherein in the book of Revelation stated the complete list of these precious stones comprising the foundation of the New Jerusalem.

Birthstones have gained fame in the fifteenth century where people in Poland would wear them according to what month it is. It is said that these stones can give positive vibes and power to the wearer and are strongest when one wears it during the assigned month of the gemstone.

It is also believed that to have the full effect of these birthstones, one should own an entire set and to wear them in rotation each month.

Whether it is true that they can provide powers to the wearer or not, it is a fact that these precious stones are beautiful and one cannot refuse to wear these gems.

Birthstone for Each Month

For the month of January, the assigned birthstone is the Garnet. The Garnet is a mineral that was widely used since the Bronze Age. It comes from a Middle English word garnet which means “dark red”. During the olden days, a garnet gem is given as a gift to travelers in the hope of finding their way. It is said to have protective powers. It also symbolizes love. The garnet gem has a hardness of 6.5 to 7.5, which is slightly harder than turquoise.

It is a variety of quartz; Amethyst is the birthstone for those people who are born in the month of February. It was believed by Ancient Greeks that an Amethyst gem can protect the wearer from intoxication. It is a stabilizing energy against addictive deeds. Amethyst is also a symbol of piety and spirituality. There was once a time where amethyst is more precious than a diamond.

Bloodstone and Aquamarine are the birthstones for the month of March. The bloodstone is a type of quartz with iron oxide appearing as red spots. It is also known as the “martyr’s stone” since it was thought of that the blood of Christ has spilled on these green jasper stones. The Aquamarine is a type of pale blue mineral of the Beryl variety, said to have the ability to heal various diseases of the heart, stomach, liver, mouth, and throat. This mineral is still used presently in manufacturing corrective glasses for poor eyesight. This blue gemstone is one of the hardest with a measurement of 7.5 to 8 in Mohs scale.

The Diamond is a girl’s best friend and is the birthstone for the April babies. Diamonds are made up of crystallized carbon, and are the hardest mineral there is with a measurement of 10 in Mohs scale. The brilliance diamonds are so irresistible that even those who are born on different a different month wishes to own one.

Emerald is the birthstone for the month of May. These gemstones are a green variety of the beryl family. These gems are usually mined in Egypt, Austria, and India. But a rare type of emerald can be found in Colombia which has a star-like pattern.
Pearl, Moonstone, and alexandrite make up the birthstones for the month of June. It is made up of Calcium which is produced by mollusks when they are induced by an irritant such as parasites. Pearls have been a favorite of the royals.

The beautiful ruby is the assigned birthstone for the month of July. It symbolizes heat and power. This pink to blood-red gemstone is considered one among the four precious stones together with the diamond, the sapphire, and the emerald.

For the month of August, the birthstones are peridot and sardonyx . The peridot is sometimes called the “evening emerald”. Sardonyx is an opaque quartz with white and brownish red bands. This is believed to fight infection and evil.

September has one of the precious gems as its birthstone, the Sapphire. Sapphire is a type of mineral with a hardness measurement of 9. It is said that this precious stone can protect a wearer from envy and poisoning..

Opal and pink tourmaline are the birthstones for October. Opal symbolizes faithfulness and confidence, while the pink tourmaline stimulates the creative thinking of the wearer.

Citrine and Yellow Topaz are the stones for the month of November. Citrine symbolizes hope and strength, while the yellow topaz induces the wearer to give and accept love.

Lastly, for the month of December, the birthstones blue topaz and turquoise. The blue topaz symbolizes calmness and the turquoise protects the bearer from evil and illness.

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